18 giugno 2009

AP History Answers

These were sent to me by a grader for the AP test. Enjoy. :-)

DBQ: From 1775 to 1830, many African Americans gained freedom from slavery, yet during the same period the institution of slavery expanded. Explain why BOTH of those changes took place. Analyze the ways that BOTH free African Americans and enslaved African Americans responded to the challenges confronting them. (All test-takers were required to answer this question.)

I really don’t want to analyze or explain anything.

May 8, 2009 = the Third Great Awakening

Freed Blacks like Harriet Beecher Stowe

Harriet Tubman’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabinet”

Slavery was not allowed above the Winn-Dixie line.

To deal with their lives in slavery, the African Americans used music and dance, such as the Ghost Dance.

Sometimes slaves got laid off.

Slavery was established in America in 1819.

In 1790 a Dutch merchant ship brought the first slaves to America.

A rebellion by Pat Turner where a group of escaped slaves killed 60 white people who owned gas stations along the east coast.

3/5 Compromise was when 3/5 of the population of Africa would be brought to the U.S. as slaves.

Concepts on how to handle the concept of slavery varied, including the widely publicized “cast down your bucket” from W.E.B. DuBois, championing assimilation in the South.

They fought slavery by slowing down production and having sit down strikes on plantations.

To the South, the slaves of the 18th century were the oil of the 20th.
If the South was a human body, Slavery was the blood….
Slavery has long been America’s Achilles Heel…

Many believed that bringing African Americans to the U.S. was a good thing. They called it the “White Man’s Burden.”

A few slaves became advocates of abolition of slavery, such as Frederick Jackson Turner.

White American society continued to inferiorize blacks…..

Some slaves won their freedom when they won the lottery

Big leaders such as MLK, Malcolm X and Edgar Allen Poe were important at this time.

As seen in documents A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, and J, slavery was prominent in America.

Gnat Turner’s rebellion

Black Crow laws

Jane Seymour’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Life from the late 18th to the mid 19th century for African Americans, both free and slave, wash much like walking down an up escalator.

Black men met at Stono River where they plotted to rob liquor stores.

…while the North freed their slaves and became anti-semitism…

When slaves escaped, they found work on plantations

The slave trade began to grow with the selling of Africans in the Black Market

During LBJ’s administration, slavery was spread to D.C. after his viewing of a pro Ku Klux Klan video.

The Mason-Nixon line

Little did the slaves know – help would soon be coming from people like Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks.

Harriet Truman set up the Underground Railroad.

In the words of President Abraham Lincoln who advocated the freeing of slaves, “Give them liberty or give them death.”

In dey-to-dey life

Document D (a picture of a crowd of African Americans outside a church) shows….. that slaves didn’t know what to do with themselves ….. a black man who is angry about not being able to be given the same rights as witty men …. people are excited about publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

In 1780 Paul Cuffe stated that blacks could enter the field of battle. The U.S. needed troops for the upcoming conflicts of WWI.

Many Northerners held fun-raisers to help raise money to buy blacks’ freedom.

Slavery by enlarge was a horrible experience

Frederick Douglass fought for popular sovereignty in the Jefferson-Douglass debates.

Frederick Turner was an escaped slave who endorsed the abolition movement.

In the mist of a nationwide spirit of nationalism, …..

In the book To Kill a Mockingbird, Huck and his servant Jim have an unusual relationship. This book accurately describes African American scenarios and their inability to respond or change it.

John Deere’s tractor in the mid 1800s served to lessen the need for slaves.

Frederick Turner helped the abolitionist cause by going around and giving lectures.

The McCormick reaper caused the expansion of slavery.

When the four fathers were establishing our country

Marcus Garvey and Langston Hughes conspired to send slaves back to Africa.

People like Ida Tarbell and Harvey Graves would come to the slaves’ rescue.

Many slaves bought their own freedom, moved north and became motivational speakers.

Gabriel Prosser bought his freedom with his lottery winnings.

FRQ: Analyze the ways in which British imperial policies between 1763 and 1776 intensified colonials’ resistance to British rule and their commitment to republican values. (90% of test-takers answered this question.)

Out of anger, the colonists had dumped all the British tea into Pearl Harbor.

Other members sought to form an alliance between the colonies such as the Anaconda Plan which supported the motto “Join or Die.”

Meanwhile, Francis Scott Key had created the “Star Spangled Banner” which is our theme song today.

The colonists tarred and feathered themselves.

To this day, bits of tea can be found in Boston Harbor.

The U.S. became a new fresh nation when the Puritans moved to the West coast.

The colonists had a huge dude with wooden teeth commanding their army and there was no way they could go wrong.

Colonists bought tea because water was not purified to drink.

Luxemburg and Concord

The Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians and poured gallons of coffee over the side of an English ship.

Turner’s Frontier Thesis and other angry colonists coined the phrase “no taxation without representation.”

Britain and the colonies shared a relationship similar to that of parents and teenagers, where the less contact is made, the less there is to argue about.

The Teapot Dome Scandal is one example of rebellion against Great Britain for outrageous taxes.

The third amendment to the Declaration of Independence prohibits the quartering of troops.

Parliament passed the Sedition and Alienation Acts.

The Quarantine Act …

If a soldier needed a place to sleep, a colonist must house them, feed them, and give them a quarter.

(British soldiers) took the two things that mattered most – their women and their alcohol.

They also demanded that the colonists worship a certain religion – not Christianity.

Shays Rebellion and Bacon’s Rebellion showed the British we weren’t afraid of them.

The Intolerable Acts allowed British soldiers to knock on the door of any house and be allowed entrance for a quarter.

During this time, Puritans were free of procreation.

The British claimed that the colonists had “virtual representation” because members of Parliament and the colonists had similar interests – tea, powdered wigs, and fish and chips.

The British decision to rule from afar finally tipped the iceburg.

Within the American colonial period, the colonists endured a great amount of suffrage.

Maybe if Britain had played its cards differently, Americans would now be running around the country with British accents, calling diapers “nappies.”

The opposition grew in the ideological hotbeds known as taverns.

Anyone who crossed the Mississippi River would be shot on sight.

Britain was involved in the Valentine’s Day Massacre.

The first American killed in the Boston Massacre – Frederick Douglass.

The Homestead Act required all Boston citizens to house at least one British soldier.

The Stamp Act and the Sugar Act caused an uproar and led to the assimilation of the Sons of Labor.

Britain had the colonies on too short of a leach and when they kept shortening and yanking the leash, the dog is liable to pull away harder.

The British taxed oil.

What the British really needed to do was to have garage sales and flea markets to make money.

This led to the Boston Tea Party in which agitator Henry Clay revolted against Great Britain.

The colonists did not look good in the Battle of Bull run because we ran out of ammunition.

Tea was dumped into the Boston Harbor. Riots broke out, and the Emancipation Proclamation was written to the King of England.

Henry Clay, the author of Common Sense

The Stamp Act took advantage of the postal system and greatly caused unrest.

A British ship full of tea bags was sitting in Boston Harbor.

They had to have British soldiers in their homes who were often nude.

It’s practically a small wonder that the King didn’t just send a letter to the colonists saying, “Welcome to Oppression, enjoy your day.”

During 1763 to 1776 the British Imperial Forces used the legendary Death Star to maintain and keep the colonies down. How could the colonists go against the Imperial Guard? Phaton blasters?

If the British are committed to Republican virtues, why are they suddenly placing high taxes on goods like the Democrats?

Thomas Paine’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin

France’s Bacon

The Unspeakable Acts were so terrible that we still don’t like to discuss them.

In Virginia, if they practiced Christianity, they would be hanged.

The Republican values of laissez-faire mercantilism.

Taxing tea would be equivalent to Obama taxing Mountain Dew.

The British wanted to rule the colonies from across the Pacific Ocean.

Colonists realized they were tired of republican values and wanted to be a democracy.

The Boston Tea Massacre

Martial law was the ability of the army to physically beat the colonists. This was the opposite of Salutary Neglect.

The Bermuda Triangle was an active producer of labor and rum.

Samuel Adams and the Greenback Mt. Boys publicly resisted this act of Parliament with the Boston Tea Party.

The Quartering Act required colonists to: hose the Redcoats…bed the troops…

Not long after the Boston Tea Party, the Boston Massacre occurred. Referred to as “the shot heard ‘round the world,” this event was the 1st time colonists decided to have a revolution for their independence.

Instead of allowing natural recovery to take its course, Britain crushed the process and taxed colonists like offensive linemen at a buffet.

The Stamp act was created to find people jobs.

As a result, colonists boycotted all of the necessities, such as sugar, tea and sometimes margarine.

Slaves were not allowed on buses.

The Boston Port was closed due to the filling of the bay and as punishment for colonists’ infidelity.

The Sons of Liberty would sometimes place the tax collectors in barrels of tar and filled up with chicken feathers. But sometimes they did something special.

Taxes on goods led colonists to Republican values of lower taxes.

The Bermuda Triangle was an active producer of labor and rum.

The British taxed the colonies to fund the Crusades.

The Proclamation of 1763 stated that the colonists could not expand past the Alps.

The Townsend Acts were used to put taxes on glass, tea, plastic, and paper.

Sam Adams represented Texas and Aaron Burr represented the West during the Great Compromise.

The Stamp Act was enacted to pay off the debt from the War of 1812.

A heated tavern discussion combined with plenty of alcohol gave way to an event known today as the Boston Tea Party – and then things got nasty.

In an amazing display of bravery, Abigail Adams fired the cannons of Fort Sumter on the British.

Massachusetts and Virginia were the Simon and Garfunkel of colonial America.

The Quartering Act was only instituted when the hotels were filled.

FRQ: Analyze the social, political and economic forces of the 1840s and early 1850s that led to the emergence of the Republican Party. (Only 10% of test-takers answered this question.)

The Republican Party was formed to save the elderly.

The Seneca Falls Convention was inspired by Betty Friedan’s Feminine Mystique, but Betty later separated herself from the movement.

The Republican Party was full of Republicans.

Whigs had little success electing Presidents and when they did, they died in office.

The Transcendentalists wanted to control the “intracontinental” RR industry

The Republican Party knew how to make the Africans and the Irish dance together.

New technology – radios, computers, satellites, etc brought about the emergence of the Republican Party.

The economy of the 1840s and 1850s was bad off from the auto industry.

The Republican Party was created to solve all the problems created by the Gold Rush.

There was a need for Republicans so we would not become Fascists.

FRQ: Choose TWO of the following organizations and explain their strategies for advancing the interests of workers. To what extent were these organizations successful in achieving their objectives? Confine your answer to the period from 1875 to 1925. (Knights of Labor, American Federation of Labor, Socialist Party of America, Industrial Workers of the World) (14% of test-takers answered this question.)

The Knights of Labor were ordinary businessmen during the day, ravenous, blood thirsty Knights by night; they would ride their noble steeds into the mists of Avalon and joust their opponents, leaving them bloody and injured.

The Knights of Labor, disguised as Indians, boarded the tea ships.

The Knights of Labor were not successful because their rallies turned into massacres.

The Knights of Labor only discriminated against bankers, lawyers, and other parasites.

FRQ: Analyze the home-front experiences of TWO of the following groups during the Second World War: African Americans, Japanese Americans, Jewish Americans, Mexican Americans. (86% of test-takers answered this question.)

Japanese and Jewish Americans especially experienced much hardship and anti-sentimentalism.

Executive order 90210

Title IX put all Japanese Americans into internment camps.

The U.S. feared getting attacked again by the Japanese and their emperor Toto.

After Pearl Harbor, hysteria spread across American like peanut butter over a slice of bread.

Betty the Riveter

During World War II everything started to calm down.

Mark Twain was a Jewish writer.

Desegregation proved difficult because many cases revolved around the head of the Supreme Court, John Marshall.

The war caused a growing need for cotton for uniforms and explosiveness.

When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor during the Vietnam War, they destroyed the battleship Maine.

The Kentucky and Nebraska Act, the Compromise of 1776 and the Dred Scott issue were revealed during WWII.

There were electrified fences in the camps, and the experience was so difficult that the Japanese began touching the fence purposedly electrocuting themselves to death.

The Japanese were sent to ….. consecration camps…. intertainment camps…internet camps…. recreation camps…containment camps….Camp David …Constitution camps … retainment camps… endearment camps …. insurgent camps … impressment camps

The bombing of People Harbor

Thesis statement: During WWII there were so many different people living in all different countries.

After the fall of Africa, Germany surrendered.

In the relocation camps, the Japanese were not allowed to watch TV or do anything fun.

The Hawaiian fort of Pearl Harbor

Frederick Douglass and WEB DuBois fought for civil rights in WWII.

African Americans watched in horror as bombs were dropped on their family members in Africa.

The Black Leopards worked for desegregation.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott, sit-ins, and the Martin Luther King movement inspired African Americans to fight in WWII.

Jewish Americans spoke little to no English.

Mexican Americans who took jobs in the U.S. during WWII raised food for the Marshall Plan.

After the internment of Japanese Americans, Chinatown in New York City was empty.

Life in the containment camps was like an AP test. They were confined in an area for a long time and they didn’t enjoy themselves.

When the Japanese were put into concentration camps, students at Kent State began a riot.

The Knazis …

Eleanor Roosevelt organized the Tuskegee Airmen.

After the Japanese launched an atomic bomb on Pearl Harbor …

The FBI’s J. Edgar Hoover dismissed Japanese communism as war hysteria.

The fear of the spread of communism led to the Japanese being put in internment camps.

Robert E. Korematsu …

The Great Migration, also known as the Harlem Renaissance,

The two largest camps were Isei and Nisei. Isei was built for Japanese Americans who were born in the U.S. and Nisei was built for Japanese American migrants.

The Red Scare of communism created a mindset of distrust for Japanese Americans.

African Americans migrated to northern cities where they established their own communities in slum areas.

Franklin Delanor Roosevelt

After the bombing of Hiroshima by Thomas Edison

Ronald Reagan formally apologized (to Japanese Americans) by giving $20,000,000 to each Japanese family still alive.

Convicted of being communist spies, all Japanese Americans were put into camps.

Dates given for the bombing of Pearl Harbor: Dec 7 1944, June 6 1941, Dec 7 1929, July 1951

Most of the Japanese Americans were of Japanese descent.

African Americans who weren’t fighting usually had simple jobs like cleaning, teaching or telemarketing.

Roosevelt called segregation off because of the war.

Mexican Americans wanted to help in the war. Their uniforms were Zoot suits.

It was hard for blacks when WWII stared at Fort Sumter.

Jews were ridiculed for their new religion.

Germany hosted the Holocaust.

Mexican Americans fought at the Alamo which was their home-front.

Black sports figures like Jackie Robinson and Babe Ruth

Racial tension and the hippie movement made America the best place to live during WWII.

Most Japanese Americans lived through WWII in a cage.

Fred Nagasaki took his case all the way to the Supreme Court

World War II was caused by the assassination of the Archduke Francis-Ferdinand, but the U.S. was not involved until we received the Zimmerman Note.

African Americans were forced to fight in WWII until Abe Lincoln stated they were free.

After Pearl Harbor, Japanese Americans were confined to laundry-related careers.

Japanese Americans joined their fellow Americans in marching at Selma, Alabama.

As war tensions increased, Japanese Americans were taken to safe houses.

Hitler murdered approximately six billion Jews.

African Americans are the gold standard of American discrimination.

President Reagan sent all Japanese to camp.

After Pearl Harbor, the U.S. and Japan got into a big nuclear arms race. The U.S. came up with Sputnik I.

Women such as the Molly Maguires worked in factories during WWII.

Black leaders like Malcolm X and Lyndon B. Johnson …

Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Kamanskees.

African Americans in WWII went looking for jobs. They became cowboys and drove cattle from Texas to Chicago to be placed on trains for meat production. They were paid a dollar a day.

After Pearl Harbor, the government began looking for Japanese Americans and began impersonating them.

Ethiopia was invaded by Hitler. African Americans were then willing to help the people of their country.

Harlem was another big migration place, right outside of Buffalo, NY.

African Americans served in World War II. But not many because slavery was still going on in most states.

Jewish Americans were worried about their European families facing Hitler’s Final Solution, attempting to create an Agrarian Race.

During the war, the Japanese were forced to live in gated communities.

It was hard for blacks when WWII started at Ft. Sumter.

Eventually groups like the Black Leopards demanded only Black businesses.

At home, FDR’s lubricated Congress passed through many helpful institutions such as the NAACP and the Congress for Racial Equality

Women such as Molly Maguires worked in factories during WWII

During the beginning of the War, thousands of Jewish immigrants arrived at Paris Island.

Some of the Japanese who helped the U.S. government became Navaho translators.

The Communist Japanese were part of major events that happened during WWII such as the atomic bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1945.

A unit of black soldiers called the Brooklyn Bombers were great fighter pilots.

“A date which will live in intimacy…”

Freddy Roosevelt

Final thoughts:

Thank you for reading this essay. I’m sorry I’m an idiot!

I know I’m getting a 1 on this test, so don’t read my essay. I Christmas-treed the multiple choice.

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